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THE APPLICATION OF CYTOMATRIX FOR LEUKEMIC NON-NODAL MANTLE CELL LYMPHOMA DIAGNOSIS

DATE

Agosto 1, 2019

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Authors: Antonella Bianchi, Ombretta Annibali , Daniela Righi, Stefano Fratoni, Giuseppe Avvisati, Anna Crescenzi.

A 50-year-old man presented to the Campus Bio-Medico University Hospital for a specialized hematologic examination with incidental lymphocytosis (13.40 x 103/uL) and splenomegaly. A CT scan confirms splenomegaly in the absence of lymphadenomegaly. The patient undergoes bone marrow biopsy for suspected lymphoma. Bone marrow histology: Excellent bone marrow tissue with cellularity equal to 95% (hypercellular for the patient’s age) reveals a small lymphoid infiltrate with a diffuse solid pattern equal to about 90% of cellularity with the following immunophenotypic findings: CD20+, Pax5+, Cyclin D1+ (weak and partial expression), BRAF+ (RM8 BioSB), TdT-, CD10-, bcl6-, CD23-, CD3- and CD5-. There is a small lymphoid component with a diffuse interstitial pattern equal to about 5% of cellularity with the T-cell related phenotypes CD3+ and CD5+. The CD138+ plasma cell proportion is equal to 3% of cellularity with an IgK:IgL ratio of 1:1 (unbalanced). Three hematopoietic series in the residual medullary proportion are normally represented and in regular ratios. These findings suggest an indolent peripheral B-cell lymphoproliferative process with an immunophenotypic profile referable to Hairy Cell Leukemia (HCL). We recommend molecular examination and comparison with smears from bone marrow aspirate to confirm the diagnosis.

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